КЛЕТОЧНО-МОЛЕКУЛЯРНЫЕ МЕХАНИЗМЫ ФИБРОГЕНЕЗА ПЕЧЕНИ

  • Е. И. Лебедева (E. I. Lebedeva) Витебский государственный ордена Дружбы народов медицинский университет https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1309-4248
  • О. Д. Мяделец (O. D. Myadelets) Витебский государственный ордена Дружбы народов медицинский университет https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6781-5584
Ключевые слова: печень, фиброгенез, клеточно-молекулярные механизмы, звездчатая клетка

Аннотация


Фиброз – ключевой патологический процесс в развитии всех хронических заболеваний печени. Исследования последних лет показали, что в развитии фиброгенеза печени задействованы многие типы клеток. Трансдифференцировка (активация) звездчатых клеток является центральным звеном фиброгенеза и представляет собой сложный, до конца не изученный процесс. Доклинические исследования выявили ряд мишеней для антифиброзных препаратов, но существует значительная задержка их применения в клинике. Препятствием при разработке новых препаратов является отсутствие чувствительных и специфических биомаркеров, необходимых для оценки лечения фиброза. Этим обусловлено пристальное внимание к клеточным и молекулярно-генетическим механизмам развития фиброза, которые на сегодняшний день до конца не известны ввиду сложной регуляции экспрессии сотен генов. Определение взаимодействия разных типов клеток в печени, выявление эффектов цитокинов, хемокинов и факторов роста на эти клетки, характеристика регуляторных механизмов, которые контролируют экспрессию генов, откроют новые терапевтические мишени в лечении фиброза печени.

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Опубликован
2019-12-12